Enrique Tomas Martinez Beltran, Mario Quiles Perez, Sergio Lopez Bernal, Alberto Huertas Celdran, Gregorio Martinez Perez
Advances in Malware and Data-Driven Network Security | November 2021 | ISBN-10:X
Publication year: 2022


As recently reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), the high use of intelligent devices such as smartphones, multimedia systems, or billboards causes an increase in distraction and, consequently, fatal accidents while driving. The use of EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) has been proposed as a promising way to detect distractions. However, existing solutions are not well suited for driving scenarios. They do not consider complementary data sources, such as contextual data, nor guarantee realistic scenarios with real-time communications between components. This work proposes an automatic framework for detecting distractions using BCIs and a realistic driving simulator. The framework employs different supervised Machine Learning (ML)-based models on classifying the different types of distractions using Electroencephalography (EEG) and contextual driving data collected by car sensors, such as line crossings or objects detection. This framework has been evaluated using a driving scenario without distractions and a similar one where visual and cognitive distractions are generated for ten subjects. The proposed framework achieved 83.9% F1-score with a binary model and 73% with a multiclass model using EEG, improving 7% in binary classification and 8% in multi-class classification by incorporating contextual driving into the training dataset. Finally, the results were confirmed by a neurophysiological study, which revealed significantly higher voltage in selective attention and multitasking.

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